Pompeii and What Exactly Is Archaeology? | Houston Educational Non-Profit

“What marvel is this?  We begged you for drinkable springs, O earth, and what is your lap sending forth?  Is there life in the deeps as well?  A race yet unknown hiding under the lava?  Are they who had fled returning?  Come and see, Greeks; Romans, come!  Ancient Pompeii is found again, the city of Hercules rises!”  – Schiller

The discovery of Pompeii is one of the great archaeological discoveries.  Here was a city preserved exactly as it was that faithful summer morning in A.D. 79 when Mount Vesuvius erupted and buried this vibrant city and all who lived there beneath tons of volcanic ash and debris [Nat Geo].   The city laid buried until its initial discovery in 1599 and more in depth discovery in 1748 by Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre, a Spanish engineer.

Archaeology (or Archeology) is defined as, the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.   It consists of artifacts, architecture, biofacts or ecofacts, and cultural landscapes.  It is both a social science and a branch of humanities.  Here in North America, archaeology is considered a sub-field of Anthropology, but in Europe it is often classified as a separate discipline.

Join the Houston Society ~ The Archaeological Institute of America as we explore the many facets of the wonderful world of Archaeology.  Or go to www.houstonarchaeology.info to find out more about our mission and events.

Ruins of the antique Temple of Apollo with bronze Apollo statue in Pompeii Naples Italy. Pompeii was destroyed by Vesuvius eruption in 79 AD. ©Boris Stoujko
Ruins of the antique Temple of Apollo with bronze Apollo statue in Pompeii Naples Italy. Pompeii was destroyed by Vesuvius eruption in 79 AD. ©Boris Stoujko

 

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